Pattern of Recurrence and Survival Outcomes in Non-Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer; A Retrospective Analysis
Jayaraman KANNAN1,Srigopal MOHANTY1,Amit SAKLANI1,Deepak GEORGE1,Natarajan INGERSAL1
1Department of Medical Oncology, Government Royapettah Hospital and Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai-India DOI : 10.5505/tjo.2022.3458 OBJECTIVE
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive heterogeneous cancer and carries poor prognosis. The study was conducted to analyze the recurrence pattern and survival outcome in TNBC patients.

A retrospective analysis was performed for 171 consecutive non-metastatic TNBC patients. Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox-regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. P<0.05 was considered significant.

Patients were diagnosed commonly at younger age (64.8% patients were ?50 years, with median age of 48 years), and node-positive (60.2%) disease. At a median follow-up of 40 months, recurrence was observed in 35.7% of patients. The cumulative recurrence rate at 1 year, 2 years, 3 years were 9.4%, 26.3%, and 33.9% respectively. Distant metastasis (73.8%) and multiple lesions (86.9%) were the most common pattern of recurrence. Common sites of recurrences in decreasing order were lung > nodes (regional+non regional) > brain > bone > liver > contralateral breast. The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 64.3% and 78.4%, respectively. High-grade tumor, nodal metastasis, <10 number of lymph node dissection (LND) were independently associated with poor DFS, whereas the presence of nodal metastasis was the single factor associated with poor OS.

TNBC is common in younger age and node-positive disease. Recurrence occurs commonly at distant sites as multiple lesions in the first 3 years of diagnosis. High-grade tumor, <10 LND, and nodal metastasis are associated with poor DFS, whereas nodal involvement is associated with poor OS. Keywords : Breast cancer; metastasis; pattern; recurrence; survival; triple negative